Defining Kubernetes resources

Complex deployments can be described using Kubernetes or OpenShift resource lists that can be referenced in the devfile. This makes them a part of the workspace

Procedure
  • Because a Devfile workspace is internally represented as a single deployment, all resources from the Kubernetes or OpenShift list are merged into that single deployment.

  • Be careful when designing such lists because this can result in name conflicts and other problems.

  • Only the following subset of the Kubernetes objects are supported: deployments, pods, services, persistent volume claims, secrets, and config maps. Kubernetes Ingresses are ignored, but OpenShift routes are supported. A workspace created from a devfile using any other object types fails to start.

  • When running Devfile on a Kubernetes cluster, only Kubernetes lists are supported. When running Devfile on an OpenShift cluster, both Kubernetes and OpenShift lists are supported.

schemaVersion: 2.1.0
metadata:
  name: mydevfile
projects:
  - name: my-go-project
    clonePath: go/src/github.com/acme/my-go-project
    git:
      remotes:
        origin: "https://github.com/acme/my-go-project.git"
components:
  - name: mydevfile
    kubernetes:
      uri: ../relative/path/postgres.yaml

The preceding component references a file that is relative to the location of the devfile itself. Meaning, this devfile is only loadable by a Devfile factory to which you supply the location of the devfile and therefore it is able to figure out the location of the referenced Kubernetes resource list.

The following is an example of the postgres.yaml file.

apiVersion: v1
kind: List
items:
  - apiVersion: v1
    kind: Deployment
    metadata:
      name: postgres
      labels:
        app: postgres
    spec:
      template:
        metadata:
          name: postgres
          app:
            name: postgres
        spec:
          containers:
            - image: postgres
              name: postgres
              ports:
                - name: postgres
                  containerPort: 5432
                  volumeMounts:
                    - name: pg-storage
                      mountPath: /var/lib/postgresql/data
          volumes:
            - name: pg-storage
              persistentVolumeClaim:
                claimName: pg-storage
  - apiVersion: v1
    kind: Service
    metadata:
      name: postgres
      labels:
        app: postgres
        name: postgres
    spec:
      ports:
        - port: 5432
          targetPort: 5432
  - apiVersion: v1
    kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
    metadata:
      name: pg-storage
      labels:
        app: postgres
    spec:
      accessModes:
        - ReadWriteOnce
      resources:
        requests:
          storage: 1Gi

For a basic example of a devfile with an associated Kubernetes or OpenShift list, see web-nodejs-with-db-sample on redhat-developer GitHub.